About Germany

1. Overview

Area

357137 sq km

Population

80.5 million people

Population density

225.4 inhabitants per sq km

Population growth rate  

-0.2%

Fertility rate

1.4 births per woman

Age group distribution

0-14 years: 13.1%

15-24 years: 10.6%

25-54 years: 41.7%

55-64 years: 21.1%

65 years and older: 20.9%

Illiteracy rate

1.0%

Business languages

German, English

Resources agricultural

all resources available in the temperate zone

Resources mineral 

coal, lignite, mineral salt, iron ore

2. Economy

Gross Domestic Product (nominal, bn. Euro)

2012: 2666; 2013: 2738: 2014: 2835*

per capita GDP (nominal, Euro)

2011: 31914; 2012: 32550; 2013: 33346

per capita GDP - PPP (Euro)

2011: 30800; 2012: 31500; 2013: 31800*

GDP formation (%)

financial services, renting, business services: 27.6

indusrty: 21.8

commerce, catering industry and transport: 14.5

construction: 4.7

information and communication: 3.9

others: 27.5

GDP expenditure (%)

private consumption: 55.7

public consumption: 19.5

gross fixed capital investment: 17.2

external contribution: 6.3

inventory changes: -0.5

Inflation rate (%)

2012: 2.1; 2013: 1.6; 2014: 1.7*

Unemployment rate (%)

2012: 5.5; 2013: 5.4*; 2014: 5.3*

Budget balance (% of GDP)

2012: 0.1; 2013: 0.0; 2014: 0.1*

Current account (% of GDP)

2012: 7.0; 2013: 7.0*; 2014: 6.6*

Investment (net, public and private, % of GDP)

2012: 17.3; 2013: 16.7; 2014: 17.4*

National dept (% of GDP, net)

2012: 81.0; 2013: 78.4; 2014: 77.1*

Yearly new borrowing (% of GDP)

2012: -0.1; 2013: -0.0; 2014: -0.0*

Main sectors (share in %)

financial intermediation: 17.3

business services: 15.6

wholesale, retail trade, repair of motor vehicles: 12.4

chemicals and pharmaceuticals: 8.4

information and telecommunication: 7.8

real estate: 4.8

power generation: 4.1

machinery: 3.9

others: 25.7

3. Foreign Trade

Imports (bn Euro)

2011: 902.5; 2012: 905.9; 2013: 896.2

Exports (bn Euro)

2011: 1061.2; 2012: 1095.8; 2013: 1093.8

Foreign trade-to-GDP ratio (Ex- + Imports/GDP in %)

2011: 75.2; 2012: 75.1; 2013: 72.7

Export propensity (Exports/GDP in %)

2011: 40.7; 2012: 41.1; 2013: 40.0

Import goods (% of total imports, SITC)

crude oil and gas: 13.9

machinery: 11.9

chemical goods: 11.6

electronic goods: 9.8

motor vehicles and parts: 7.9

foodstuffs: 6.1

others: 38.8

Export goods (% of total exports, SITC)

machinery: 18.3

motor vehicles and parts: 16.6

chemical goods: 14.7

electronic goods: 9.0

metal goods: 7.4

foodstuffs: 4.7

others: 29.3

*) estimate or projection

Source: Germany Trade and Invest