About Ireland

Overview

Characteristic

Facts

Area

70273 sq km

Population

4.8 million people

Population density

68.3 inhabitants per sq km

Population growth rate  

1.2%

Fertility rate

2.0 births per woman

Age group distribution

0-14 years: 21.4%

15-24 years: 11.9%

25-54 years: 44.1%

55-64 years: 10.1%

65 years and older: 12.5%

Illiteracy rate

1.0%

Business language

English

Resources agricultural

barley, potato, wheat, beef, dairy products

Resources mineral 

natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barytes, gypsum, limestone, dolomite

Economy

Characteristic

Facts

Gross Domestic Product (nominal, bn. Euro)

2013: 164.0; 2014: 169.9*; 2015: 176.1*

per capita GDP (nominal, Euro)

2011: 35500; 2012: 35700; 2013: 35600

per capita GDP - PPP (Euro)

2010: 31400; 2011: 32300; 2012: 32900

GDP formation (%)

mining/ industry: 26.3

trade/restaurants/hotels: 18.0

transport/logistic/communication: 7.2

agriculture/forestry/fishing indusrty: 1.6

construction: 1.6

others: 45.3

GDP expenditure (%)

private consumption: 50.6

external contribution: 23.4

public consumption: 15.3

gross fixed capital investment: 11.2

others: -0.5

Inflation rate (%)

2013: 0.5; 2014: 0.6*; 2015: 1.1*

Unemployment rate (%)

2013: 13.1; 2014: 11.6*; 2015: 10.9*

Budget balance (% of GDP)

2013: -7.4; 2014: -4.7*; 2015: -4.0*

Current account (% of GDP)

2013: 6.6; 2014: 6.7*; 2015: 8.3*

Investment (net, public and private, % of GDP)

2013: 11.5*; 2014: 12.0*; 2015: 12.4*

National dept (% of GDP, net)

2013: 123.7; 2014: 120.6*; 2015: 119.5*

Yearly new borrowing (% of GDP)

2013: 7.4; 2014: 5.1*; 2015: 3.0*

Main sectors (share in %)

services: 79.3 (finance sevices make 55.3% of the total figure)

processing industry: 20.3 (pharmaceutical industry makes 59.2% of the total figure)

others: 0.4

Foreign Trade

Characteristic

Facts

Imports (bn Euro)

2011: 47.8; 2012: 48.9; 2013: 49.2

Exports (bn Euro)

2011: 90.3; 2012: 90.9; 2013: 86.0

Foreign trade-to-GDP ratio (Ex- + Imports/GDP in %)

2011: 84.9; 2012: 85.3; 2013: 82.4

Export propensity (Exports/GDP in %)

2011: 55.5; 2012: 55.5; 2013: 52.4

Import goods (% of total imports, SITC)

chemical goods: 22.0

various finished goods: 12.1

foodstuff and wildlife: 12.2

petroleum and petroleum products: 10.1

electronics: 8.8

machinery: 6.4

motor vehicles and parts: 3.8

electrical engineering: 3.1

gas: 3.2

others: 18.3

Export goods (% of total exports, SITC)

chemical goods: 58.5

various finished goods: 12.4

foodstuff and wildlife: 10.2

electronics: 6.5

electrical engineering: 1.6

machinery: 2.8

others: 8.0